Plants in the Grand Canyon
There are well over 1700 known species of plants in the Grand Canyon Park. This variety is due to the 8000 foot elevation from the rim of the canyon to the Colorado River on the bottom.
63 varieties in the Grand Canyon have been given special status by the US Fish and Wildlife Service. There are also a dozen endemic varieties that are only known with the Grand Canyon. Ten percent of the flora are exotic.
A riparian community exists along the Colorado River. Some of the most common varieties are...
arrowweed seep willow cat claw acacia honey mesquite
exotic tamarisk coyote willow
Above the river is a desert scrub community that contains these common varieties...
creosote bush white bursage brittle bush Ocotillo
four wing salt brush big sage brush black brush rubber rabbitbrush
Above the desert at 6,200 feet is the pinon and juniper woodland. Included here are...
snake weed Mormon tea Utah agave banana yucca
Indian rice grass
The Ponerosa Pine forests grow between 6,500 ft to 8,200 feet on both and north and south rims. Common plants are...
New Mexico locust
Above 8,200 feet you will find spruce fir forests with...
Some of the grasses at this elevation are..
lupines and asters
A permit is needed for picking plants in the Grand Canyon National Park.
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